The staff at the library information desk will be happy to help with specific questions about citation or connecting you with information resources about citing.
For more in depth help, and handouts that are assistive-technology friendly (e.g., JAWS), students should contact Student Learning Services in T123 (403.440.6452). As well, subject-specific citation handouts are available in the subject guides.
A note about citation style guidelines: Many citation format guidelines are open to interpretation. For this reason your instructor is the final authority of the subject of citation for any given assignment.Citation Styles
- MRU Guide to APA Documentation in Research Papers (2015-2016)
- MRU APA Self-Assessment Quiz
- MRU APA Tutorial: Succeeding with APA
- APA Style Guide to Electronic References
- MRU Guide to Using the Chicago Manual Online
- MRU Guide to Chicago Style Documentation for History (2014-2015) (Notes/Bibliography format)
- Chicago Style Citation Quick Guide
- Chicago Manual of Style Online
- IEEE Citation Reference
- IEEE Referencing Style from Murdoch University
- ACS Style Guide - Pennsylvania State University -- [Print version at MRU Library]
- Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style Guide - Ohio State University
- Society for American Archaeology (SAA) Style Guide
Other helpful sites
- The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
- Cite it! A guide to visualizing citation (video tutorial 00:04:04)
Sources about writing annotated bibliographies include:
- Annotated bibliographies - OWL@Purdue
- Includes definition, samples and examples for APA, MLA and more!
- Writing an annotated bibliography - University of Toronto
- A great guide to writing an annotated bibliography. The section on language for talking about texts and arguments is very useful.
- Concordia University annotated bibliography guide
Why Do We Cite?
In all academic assignments, you must properly cite all ideas and work you use that are not your own. to ensure the integrity of your work. Citations also strengthen your work because they reflect the effort you have put into doing research, and add context to your argument.
Failure to cite your sources constitutes plagiarism (see below).
- You Quote It, You Note It! - from Acadia University
- Why are There Different Citation Styles - Yale University
- Citing Sources - Duke University
Plagiarism: Information for students and faculty
Under the Student Code of Conduct failure to cite properly is an academic offense and constitutes plagiarism. Plagiarism is copying someone else's work, words, or ideas and representing them as your own without giving credit to the author.
Plagiarism in an academic offense; consequences can include failure of and expulsion from a course. See section 5.0 and 6.0 in the Student Code of Conduct for information on academic dishonesty and consequences of academic dishonesty.
MRU Library periodically holds a faculty professional development workshop on plagiarism. Links, examples, and more information about how to detect plagiarism can be found at Detecting Plagiarism.
More information about plagiarism at Mount Royal is available here: